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Nigeria/China Currency Deal Not a Swap – Minister

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Minister of Foreign Affairs, Geoffrey Onyeama has made it clear the intention of the federal government on the currency deal Nigeria signed with China during President Muhammadu Buhari’s visit to the Asian Country, saying it was not a swap as widely reported.

He told newsmen yesterday at the end of the Federal Executive Council (FEC) meeting on the benefits of the one week visit.

He said the deal was a way for Nigeria to benefit from the internationalisation of the Chinese currency.

He said, “It’s not really a swap. What it takes is that as the Chinese economy goes strong, there is some pressure on them from the trading partners, international financial institutions. They agreed that the money should be internationalised.

“So, they started that for a while. They were protecting it also. They did not allow it to be fully exchangeable. But now, their economy is fully strong, they are looking for a way to internationalise the currency. Now, they were saying essentially that they wanted to segment it.

“For Southern Africa, South Africa is going to be the sort of a hub for the currency. So, they are going to be the focal point for the Chinese to make that available for trade in that area.

“In West Africa, they are looking for a hub. Ghana is interested in being the hub for the currency, to circulate it for those who want to use it. It is not compulsory. But Nigeria is a bigger country with bigger economy. So that does make sense.

“And they became a kind of attracted to Nigeria to be the hub.

“So, for us, the benefit is that it gives us small flexibility. So, if Nigeria is buying Chinese goods, for instance, it will in our interest to use the Yuan because we know there is a lot of squeeze for the dollar.

“But we still use the dollar. But if it not enough and there are some people who want to invest in the country, instead of crying that they cannot take dollar out, there might be Yuan that they would be happy to take out because it is now internationalized as a currency and they can use it. So, it gives us a much larger option.

“As you know, a lot of importers now are complaining that they are not able to access the dollars to buy goods and things like that. So, if we have in addition to dollar, we have Yuan, then they can also have that available.

“So, it has given us a greater opportunity for our economy so that those people can also now import notwithstanding the shortage of dollars.

“So, that is really what it’s more about, rather than a swap deal or any such thing.”

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